The mention of Gramophone Records is sure to make many of you feel nostalgic, because these were an indispensable part of the golden era of music. You have probably seen these records in your grandfather’s house and often wondered how such big records were used to play music.
They are often referred to as vinyl record or phonograph record. They come in the form of flat polyvinyl chloride discs containing modulated spiral grooves and inscriptions. These grooves start close to the periphery and go up to the middle section of the disc.
These records were the primary medium for music reproduction and storage until the late twentieth century. They were in use even in the 1980s, when the compact cassettes replaced them in the mass market. Let’s take a sneak peek into the history of Gramophone Records:
- The first types of records were on cylinders, and they were created by Thomas Alva Edison in 1877. Although several attempts had been made before to create music records, none were able to reproduce human voice so successfully.
- In 1887, Emile Berliner, who was a German immigrant to the United States filed a patent for music records that were based on flat discs. This was an important milestone in the history of Gramophone Records because the new flat discs were much easier to produce than the cylindrical ones.
- Eventually, the records industry settled with flat music records featuring a diameter of 10 inches for the new format. The rpm or rotational speed per minute varied from manufacturer to manufacturer, however ultimately 78 rpm was accepted as the common standard.
- The earliest discs were made from different varieties of materials, however, shellac which is a type of resin derived from the secretions of lac insect was considered as the best. Shellac material is a natural form of thermoplastic that gets soft and flows when heat is applied, and it becomes hard when kept at room temperature. By 1930s, the natural shellac was replaced by synthetic resins.
- Until now all 78 rpm records were single sided. The double sided records were first introduced by a Columbia company in Europe, and by 1923 the double sided Gramophone Records became the standard.
- Close to 1950s, the seven inch, 45 rpm vinyl discs were popularized by the rival company RCA Victor. The popularity of 45rpm record rose with the beginning of the rock and roll era.
- In 1965, the sale of 45 rpm vinyl records started to decline. In 1988, the popularity and sales of compact disc outdid the gramophone records. The industry suddenly experienced a decline in between 1988 and 1991.
The Gramophone Records continued to be used by the disc jockeys (DJs), and even today there are about 48 vinyl record pressing facilities situation across the world. The database of gramophone records is so huge that a management system is essential to find specific records from the huge collection.
Whether you are a business or organization associated with Gramophone Records, you can save a lot of time by properly organizing the records with the help of a system that allows for records life cycle management. Look for a feature rich system that allows you to store the gramophone records categorized by artists and music genres.